# How to raise vector elements to a power in Matlab and Octave

To raise the elements of a vector to a power, use the operator .^

v.^n

Term v is a vector, term n is an integer.

The result is a vector in which each element is raised to the nth power

$$\frac{ \vec{v} }{ \vec{w} } = \begin{pmatrix} v_1 \\ v_2 \\ v_3 \\ \vdots \\ v_n \end{pmatrix} \ : \ \begin{pmatrix} w_1 \\ w_2 \\ w_3 \\ \vdots \\ w_n \end{pmatrix} = \begin{pmatrix} \frac{ v_1 }{ w_1 } \\ \frac{ v_2 }{ w_2 } \\ \frac{ v_3 }{ w_3 } \\ \vdots \\ \frac{ v_n }{ w_n } \end{pmatrix}$$

Note. This power is also known as element-wise power.

## Example

Example 1

Create a vector v

>> v=[2;3;4]
v =
2
3
4

Square each element of array.

>> v.^2
ans =
4
9
16

The result is a vector composed of the squares of the elements

$$[ \vec{v} ]^2 = \begin{pmatrix} 2 \\ 3 \\ 4 \end{pmatrix}^2 = \begin{pmatrix} 2^2 \\ 3^2 \\ 4^2 \end{pmatrix} = \begin{pmatrix} 4 \\ 9 \\ 16 \end{pmatrix}$$

Example 2

Calculate the power n = -1 of the elements of the vector.

>> v.^(-1)
ans =
0.50000
0.33333
0.25000

The result is

$$[ \vec{v} ]^{-1} = \begin{pmatrix} 2 \\ 3 \\ 4 \end{pmatrix}^{-1}= \begin{pmatrix} 2^{-1} \\ 3^{-1} \\ 4^{-1} \end{pmatrix} = \begin{pmatrix} \frac{1}{2} \\ \frac{1}{3} \\ \frac{1}{4} \end{pmatrix} = \begin{pmatrix} 0.50000 \\ 0.33333 \\ 0.25000 \end{pmatrix}$$

https://how.okpedia.org/en/matlab/how-to-raise-vector-elements-to-a-power-in-matlab-and-octave

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