How to insert a row into a matrix in Matlab and Octave

To insert a row in an array without replacing the other existing rows in Matlab / Octave type [M; V]

[M ; V]

• The parameter M is the matrix
• The parameter V is a vector with the values of the new row

This command adds the new row to the matrix.

Examples

Example 1

Define a 3x3 matrix

>> M = [ 1 2 3 ; 4 5 6 ; 7 8 9 ]
M =
1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9

Define a row vector

>> V = [ 0 1 0 ]

To insert the new row at the bottom of the matrix type [M ; V]

>> [M;V]
ans =
1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9
0 1 0

Example 2

To insert the new row as the first row of the matrix type [V ; M]

>> [V;M]
ans =
0 1 0
1 2 3
4 5 6
7 8 9

Example 3

To insert the new row in an intermediate position in the matrix, type [M(1:2,:);V;M(3:end,:)]

>> [M(1:2,:);V;M(3:end,:)]
ans =
1 2 3
4 5 6
0 1 0
7 8 9

In this case the new line is after the first two lines.

Note. The first parameter M (1: 2, :) extracts the first two rows of the matrix. The second parameter V is the vector of the new row to insert. The third parameter M (3: end, :) extracts the last rows of the array.

https://how.okpedia.org/en/matlab/how-to-insert-a-row-into-the-matrix-in-matlab-and-octave

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Matrix in Matlab/Octave